Skip to main content

Full text of "A history of Persia"

See other formats

354                HISTORY OF PERSIA
the fortifications formidable, we would not permit our army to
assault it.
An immense treasure, a number of elephants, part of the
artillery of the Emperor, and rich spoils of every description were
the reward of our victory. Upwards of twenty thousand of the
enemy were slain on the field of battle, and a much greater
number were made prisoners. Immediately after the action was
over, we surrounded the Emperor's army, and took measures to
prevent all communication with the adjacent country ; preparing
at the same time our cannon and mortars to level with the ground
the fortifications which had been erected.
As the utmost confusion reigned in the imperial camp, and all
discipline was abandoned, the Emperor, compelled by irresistible
necessity, after the lapse of one day, sent Nizam-ul-Mulk, on
Thursday, the seventeenth Zilkadeh (igth February), to our royal
camp 5 and the day following, Mohamed Shah himself, attended
by his nobles, came to our heavenlike presence, in an afflicted
When the Emperor was approaching, as we are ourselves of a
Turkoman family, and Mohamed Shah is a Turkoman, and the
lineal descendant of the noble House of Gurkan, we sent our dear
son Nasrulla Khan beyond the bounds of our camp to meet him.
The Emperor entered our tents and we delivered over to him the
signet of our Empire. He remained that day a guest in our royal
tent. Considering our affinity as Turkoman, and also reflecting
on the honours that befitted the majesty of a king of kings, we
bestowed such upon the Emperor, and ordered his royal pavilions,
his family, and his nobles to be preserved : and we have established
him in a manner equal to his great dignity.
Persians love to recount how Nadir, in boasting of
his hardihood, swore to Mohamed Shah that during the
whole campaign he had never changed his clothes. To
prove the accuracy of his statement, he tore open his tunic
to show his under garments, which were worn to pieces.
The Surrender of Delhi and its Spoils.—Nadir marched in
triumph into Delhi, where he was entertained in the m
sumptuous fashion by Mohamed Shah, who handed
to him the amassed wealth of his ancestors. Among the
trophies was the celebrated Peacock Throne, described bjr
Tavernier as follows :x
The largest throne, which is set up in the hall of the first
1 Cwzon (vol. i. pp. 317-22) proves that the Peacock Throne at Teheran wa8 naefe
during the reign of Fath Ali Shah.